A sentence tells you something, asks you something, asks you to do something or exclaims something.

  • All sentences start with a capital letter and end with a full stop, exclamation mark or question mark.
  • Sentences consist of one or more clauses.
  • All sentences contain a verb.

A statement

I love seeds.

An exclamation

What delicious seeds these are!              

A question

Should I eat these seeds?

A command

Take these seeds away.

Types of sentence


A simple sentence consists of one main clause.

The bird ate the apple.

Sentences with two or more main clauses joined by conjunctions such as and, but or so are called compound sentences.

The bird felt hungry so it ate the apple.

Sentences that contain a main clause and a subordinate clause are called complex sentences.

The bird ate the apple although it had already eaten.


Although it had already eaten, the bird ate the apple.


A main clause is a group of words that make a complete sentence.

A subordinate clause cannot exist on its own. It often includes words such as if, when, that, because or although.

In a complex sentence where the subordinate clause comes before the main clause put a comma after the subordinate clause.